Hajj and Umrah in Saudi ArabiaUpdated June 30, 2017
The annual Hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, is among the largest mass gatherings in the world. In 2017, Hajj will take place from approximately August 30 to September 4. Umrah is a similar pilgrimage that can be undertaken at any time of the year, but is likely to be more crowded during the month of Ramadan (approximately May 27 to June 24).
Because of the crowds, mass gatherings such as Hajj and Umrah are associated with unique health risks. Before you go, you should visit a travel health specialist for advice, make sure you are up to date on all routine and recommended vaccines, and learn about other health and safety issues that could affect you during your trip.
What can travelers do to protect themselves?
Before your trip
•Schedule an appointment with a travel health specialist at least 4 weeks before your trip. Click here to find a clinic near you.
•Talk to your healthcare provider about vaccines and medicines recommended for Saudi Arabia(https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/traveler/none/saudi-arabia). ◦CDC recommends all travelers be up to date on routine vaccines(https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/diseases/routine).
◦Saudi Arabia requires meningitis (meningococcal disease) vaccine if you are traveling to take part in a pilgrimage. Saudi Arabia may require or recommend additional vaccinations, including yellow fever or polio vaccine. Please consult the Saudi Arabia Ministry of Health’s Hajj regulations, the Embassy of Saudi Arabia in the United States, or your travel provider for more information.
•Because of continued cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), the Saudi Ministry of Health recommends that the following people postpone travel for Hajj or Umrah: ◦People older than age 65 years
◦Children younger than age 12 years
◦People with chronic diseases (such as heart disease, kidney disease, diabetes, or respiratory disease)
◦People with weakened immune systems
◦People with cancer or terminal illness
•Consider buying travel health insurance and medical evacuation insurance.
•Pack a travel health kit.
•Monitor travel warnings and alerts. You also can enroll with the nearest US embassy or consulate through the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to receive the latest safety updates and assistance in an emergency.
•Leave a copy of your itinerary, contact information, credit cards, and passport with someone at home.
During your trip
•Take steps to prevent illness. Wash your hands often with soap and water. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth. Avoid close contact with people who are sick
•Protect yourself against MERS. Cases of this disease continue to occur in the Arabian Peninsula. See CDC’s MERS travel notice for prevention information. People with diabetes, kidney failure, chronic lung disease, or weakened immune systems may be at high risk for severe disease from MERS. The World Health Organization recommends that people with any of those conditions avoid contact with camels. Evidence of transmission from camels to humans has been increasing steadily.
•Follow security and safety guidelines for mass gatherings. ◦Avoid the most densely congested areas. Perform rituals during non-peak hours. Know where all emergency exits are and how to get to them.
◦Carry a photocopy of your passport and entry stamp.
◦Carry local emergency service numbers and contact information for the nearest US embassy or consulate in Saudi Arabia.
◦Follow all local laws and social customs.
•Use disposable, single-use blades for head shaving. Unclean blades can transmit disease. Male pilgrims should go to officially designated centers to be shaved, where barbers are licensed and use disposable, single-use blades.
•Follow food safety and water safety guidelines.
•Take steps to prevent mosquito bites.
•Follow guidelines for travel to hot climates and sun exposure.
•Avoid swimming in lakes and rivers.
•Choose safe transportation. Motor vehicle crashes are the top killer of healthy US citizens in foreign countries.
If you feel sick during your trip:
•Talk to a doctor or nurse if you feel seriously ill, especially if you have a fever.
•For more information about medical care abroad, see Getting Health Care Abroad.
•Avoid contact with other people while you are sick.
After your trip
If you are not feeling well after your trip, you may need to see a doctor. Some travel-related illnesses may not cause symptoms until after you get home. Be sure to tell the doctor about your travel, including where you went and what you did on your trip. Also, tell your doctor if you were bitten or scratched by an animal while traveling.
•Embassy of Saudi Arabia (Washington, DC) Hajj Requirements
•Saudi Arabia Information From the US Department of State
Information for doctors
•Clinician View: Health Information for Travelers to Saudi Arabia
•Hajj Pilgrimage in CDC Health Information for International Travel (Yellow Book)
Page created: April 14, 2017
Page last updated: June 28, 2017
Page last reviewed: June 28, 2017
Content source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID)
Division of Global Migration and Quarantine (DGMQ)