Measles in GuineaUpdated March 13, 2017
What is the current situation?
A measles outbreak has been reported in Guinea, with 13 of the country’s 33 prefectures affected. They are Conakry, Coyah, Boffa, Dubréka, Forécariah, Fria, Kindia, N’Zérékoré, Guéckédou, Siguiri, Dalaba, Kankan, and Boké. Guinea’s Ministry of Health, assisted by international health and relief agencies, is undertaking response activities to control the outbreak.
CDC recommends that travelers to Guinea protect themselves by making sure they are vaccinated against measles, particularly infants 6–11 months of age (1 dose of measles vaccine) and children 12 months of age or older (2 doses of measles vaccine). Clinicians should keep measles in mind when treating patients with fever and rash, especially if the patient has recently traveled internationally.
What can travelers do to protect themselves?
Get measles vaccine
- People who cannot show that they were vaccinated as children and who have never had measles should be vaccinated.
- Infants 6–11 months of age should have 1 dose of measles vaccine if traveling internationally.
- Children in the United States routinely receive measles vaccination at 12–15 months of age.
- Infants vaccinated before age 12 months should be revaccinated on or after the first birthday with 2 doses, separated by at least 28 days.
- Children 12 months of age or older should have 2 doses, separated by at least 28 days.
- Adolescents and adults who have not had measles and have not been vaccinated should get 2 doses, separated by at least 28 days.
- Two doses of measles vaccine are nearly 100% effective at preventing measles. Measles vaccine has been used safely and effectively since the 1970s. A few people experience mild, temporary adverse reactions, such as joint pain, from the vaccine, but serious side effects are extremely rare. There is no known link between vaccines and autism.
- See MMR Vaccine Information Statement or MMRV Vaccine Information Statement (VIS) for more information.
Practice hygiene and cleanliness
- Wash your hands often.
- If soap and water aren’t available, clean your hands with hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol.
- Don’t touch your eyes, nose, or mouth. If you need to touch your face, make sure your hands are clean.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your sleeve (not your hands) when coughing or sneezing.
- Try to avoid close contact, such as kissing, hugging, or sharing eating utensils or cups, with people who are sick.
If you feel sick and think you may have measles:
- Talk to your doctor or nurse if you feel seriously ill, especially if you have a fever.
- Tell your healthcare provider about your travel.
- For more information about medical care abroad, see Getting Health Care Abroad(https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/page/getting-health-care-abroad).
- Avoid contact with other people while you are sick.
- Measles Webpage for Travelers(https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/diseases/measles)
- CDC Measles Homepage
- Measles Vaccination Information
- MMR Vaccine Information Statement
- MMRV Vaccine Information Statement
- Measles (Rubeola)(https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2016/infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/measles-rubeola) in CDC’s Yellow Book
- Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Recommendations for MMR vaccine and MMRV vaccine
- Measles Information for Healthcare Professionals
- Measles Lab Tools
- Chapter 7: Measles – Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases
- Page created: March 10, 2017
- Page last updated: March 10, 2017
- Page last reviewed: March 10, 2017
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