The Travel Health and Vaccine Specialists

Health Alert


Yellow Fever in Nigeria

Updated February 5, 2018

What is the current situation?
The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control has reported an ongoing outbreak of yellow fever that began in September 2017. Laboratory-confirmed yellow fever cases have been reported in at least seven states, and a number of people have died.

In response to this outbreak, Nigerian health authorities conducted mass vaccination campaigns in several affected states at the end of 2017. Additional mass vaccination campaigns are planned for other affected states starting in early 2018.

What can travelers do to prevent yellow fever?
CDC recommends anyone 9 months or older who travels to any part of Nigeria should be vaccinated against yellow fever. In addition, Nigerian authorities require proof of yellow fever vaccination from all people one year of age or older who are traveling to Nigeria and are arriving from a country with risk of yellow fever virus transmission.

Because of current limitations in the availability of yellow fever vaccine in the United States, travelers should contact a yellow fever vaccine provider well in advance of travel.

Clinician Information:
Yellow Fever Vaccine Booster Doses: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, 2015
Yellow Fever in CDC Health Information for International Travel “Yellow Book” Clinical and Laboratory Guidance
Diagnostic Testing
Testing for Vaccine Adverse Events
Clinical Update Announcement: Temporary Total Depletion of US Licensed Yellow Fever Vaccine
Additional Information:
FAQs about Yellow Fever
Yellow Fever Vaccine Information Statement (VIS)
Authorized US Yellow Fever Vaccine Centers
Page created: January 30, 2018
Page last updated: January 30, 2018
Page last reviewed: January 30, 2018
Content source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID)
Division of Global Migration and Quarantine (DGMQ)